Rajasthan Fairs & Festivals
||India is a vast country and its physical
boundries are spread far and wide. This mystic land is blessed with diverse
climatic conditions and varied geographical patterns. India is mainly talked
in terms of North India and South India as there are marked differences
between South and North.
Rajasthan, is a colourful desert. The unconvincing Thar Desert and with it all
the barren land of Rajasthan has much to offer through the plethora of celebrations.
Festivals and fairs, music and dances, turns the land to a creative fertile
basin. Season heralded with a festive fervour and cattle marts turn into delightful
Festivals hold an unusual lure for the Rajasthanis and they have any number
of reasons to celebrate. Pageantry is in the form of weddings or rituals, or
to promote trade. Each region has their own form of Folk entertainment, own
Traditions, own dialect adding to the Indian diversity. Pushkar Fair, Desert
festival, Elephant Festival and Camel festival are internationally famous and
are not to be missed.
These festivals born out of age-old traditions, adorns the golden land and unveils
the best with vulnerable colours. Colours that are alive and unrestricted, and
unifies each soul who visits this magic land. There's a rhythm, there's a jest,
a passion, a spirit of romance, a valour, a feel of being one with the blonde
landscape. This spirit of celebration is like Desert Rains, hidden in the Aravalli
bosom, unfolding its feather with each festival.
(Jaipur, MarchApril) A festival devoted to Goddess Parvati, the consort of Lord
Shiva. Ishar & Gangaur are the divine male and female ho embody marital
love. Dedicated to goddess Gauri (Parvati), the festival commences on Holi/
Young girls pray for ;rooms of their choice while married women seek a long
life for their husbands. rhe ladies decorate their hands and feet )y drawing
designs with Mehendi (Myrtle Jaste). On the evening of the 7th day after -ioli,
unmarried girls go around singing songs of ghudlia (earthern pots with numerous
holes all around with a lamp lit aside) carrying the pots on their hands. )n
their way they collect small presents ,f cash, sweets, jaggery, ghee, oil etc.
The women do these while chanting hymns to the Goddess. Festivities continue
for 18 days culminating with the arrival of Lord Shiva to escort his bride home.
A grand process Ion with the ideal of Gauri in beautifully decorated gold and
silver a palanquin caparisoned elephants, camels, horses, dances, drummers &
joyous children, goes through the city streets. In Jaipur procession forms at
the Palace Gate known as T ripolia and moves on the city streets on to Talkatora.
A vast gathering of jaipurites & villagers from nearby areas witness the
procession. A sweet dish called Ghewar characteristic of the Gangaur festival
is distributed among friends & relatives. In Jodhpur early in the morning
thousands of maidens, clad in their best attire, singing melodious songs, bring
water and durba grass in silver or brass pots to a place known as Girdikot.
In Udaipur the images of Isar & Gauri are taken in a procession to the Pichola
lake there after in a boat for an hour they go around the lake and the ceremony
comes to an end with a display of fireworks on the banks. The Girasia tribe
eligible boys & girls in Sirohi, Mount Abu region during Gangaur festival
select their life partners & elope with them. This form of marriage has
the sanction of the community.
(Udaipur, MarchApril) Coinciding with the festival of Gangaur the Mewar festival
is celebrated to welcome the advent of spring. Once the religions part of the
festival is over it is time for potrayal of Rajasthani culture through songs,
dances and other programmes. The festival culminates with an impressive fire
(Mt. Abu, June) The steep rocks, tranqillake, mango grooves, bauhinia trees
& thickets of wild berries cover this hilly mount. The three day festival
is a feast of folk & classical music and a window to the tribal life &
culture of Rajasthan. Cail; Choomar & Dhap folk dances enthrall the spectators.
Sporting events such as the boat race on the Nakki lake add variety to the festival.
Udaipur (185 Kms.) is the nearest airport and Abu Road (29 Kms.) is the nearest
Railway station and, there is a good network of bus services connecting Mount
Abu to Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur & Ahmedabad.
(Jaipur , July-August) The festival celebrating the reunion of Shiva & Parvati,
is celebrated at the onset of the onsoon. Teej is the festival of swings. Young
girls & women dressed in green clothes sing songs & swing in celebrating
the advent of the mansoon. An elaborate procession is taken out in Jaipur for
two consecutive days with ornately dressed elephants, horses & camels, bands,
performing artists & coluorfully dressed people Goddess Parvati is invoked
to bless her worshippers with conjugal harmony & bliss.
(Pushkar-Ajmer, November) Excitement, gaiety and a keen sense of competition
fill the air as the long journey to Pushkar begins. The only temple dedicated
to Lord Brahma (the creator) is located at Pushkar. The Pushkar lake is surrounded
by 52 flights of steps called ghats. Legend has it that Lord Vishnu appeared
at the Varah ghat in the form of a boar. Brahma took a bath here and performed
yagna at the Brahma Ghat accompanied by Vishnu & Mahadev. The ashes of Mahatma
Gandhi (Father of the Nation) were immersed at the Gandhi ghat. Pushkar is among
the five principal places of Hindu pilgrimage. People consider the water of
the Pushkar lake to be very sacred and the ritual of taking dips in the holy
water IS believed to bestow salvation. It I s customary to float lighted eastern
lamps ed on pattals (plates made of leaves) on the waters of lake. This creales
a spectacular view when the sacred lake takes on a mystical tint sprankled with
twinkling spots of light. In conjunction with he religious fair, a cattle fair
is also organised. The ancient town of Pushkar is transformed into a spectacular
fair ground. The fair grounds reverberate with festivity and woman folk shop
for bangles, clothes, utensils, sundry household items & leather goods.
The highlight of the Pushkar fair is the trading in camels. The camel, horse
& donkey races are events that draw huge attendance. Body tatooing is yet
another favourite activity. Come dusk, and the rich strains of haunting music
are carried across the desert sands as the merrymaking continues deep into the
(Bikaner, January) A unique celebration highlighting camel & cultural heritage
of northern Rajasthan. The camel festival begins with a colourful procession
of bedecked camels against the red sandstone backdrop of the Junagarh fort,
the festivity advances to the open sand spreads of the grounds, followed by
the best breed competition, the tug of war contest, camel dances & acrobatics.
The camels dance gracefully to the slightest direction of their trainers their
bejeweled necks, jingling anklets cast a magical spell.Glorious Gorbandh dance,
local folk performs and dazzling fireworks offer a different tenor & tempo
(Nagaur. Jan.-Feb.) Essentially an animal fair is one of the largest in the
colmtry. The fair is renowned for the trading in cows, bullocks, camels &
horses Mirchi Bazar is the main attraction and wooden items, iron craft &
leather accessories are available in plenty during the fair. As the Sun goes
down, a joyous atmosphere is created by the folk musicians whose voices echo
far & wide across the tranquil desert sand. Nagaur is well connected to
the mal or tourist centers of Rajasthan. The nearest airport is Jodhpur (135
(Jaisalmer, Jan.-Feb.) A unique three day show on the sands, when the desert
blooms with the riotous colour of Rajasthan 's desert heritage. The traditional
dances (famous Gair & Fire dances) backed by high pitched music take the
folk dances and the audience on an Euphoric trip. The turban tying competition
& Mr. Desert contest coupled with camel race & acrobatics add a touch
of excitement to the celebrations. One can enjoy the pleasure of a camel ride
to the sand dances and view musicians & dancers performing.
(Baneshwar Dungarpur,Jan.-Feb.) A religious festival with simple & traditional
rituals. Quaint rhythms conjure up the tribal cultural identity of the Bhils
of Rajasthan, Gujarat & M.P. Baneshwar means the master of the delta and
this name was given to the Shiva linga. The Beneshwar fair is held at a small
delta formed by the river Som & Mahi & prayers are offered toLord Shiva
locally named as Baneshwar. The fair resounds with the gaeity of traditional
folk songs, folk dances, Raslila, animal show, magic shows acrobatic feats.
Adding to the excitement are me joy ride." on merygo rounds & swings.
(Jaipur, March) A magnificent spectactle, it unveils the majesty and grandeur
of elephants celebrated around Holi. The Mahavats or owners proudly decorate
their elephants with bright colours, jhool., (saddle cloth) and heavy jewellary.
A royal procession of decorated elephants, a match of elephant polo, an elephant
race and playing Holi on elephants are main events.
(Bharatpur, March) Held on the eve of Holi in honour of Lord Krishna, this festival
is marked by verve & east Villagers, in gay, multitude attire can be seen
singing and performing the Raslila dance the immortal love story of Radha &
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